Springer Nature

Springer Nature is one of the world’s leading global research, educational and professional publishers, home to an array of respected and trusted brands providing quality content through a range of innovative products and services.

Springer Nature is the world’s largest academic book publisher, publisher of the world’s most influential journals and a pioneer in the field of open research. Springer Nature was formed in 2015 through the merger of Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan, Macmillan Education and Springer Science+Business Media.

Springer Nature is embracing linked data technologies as an integral part of its content publishing operations and has developed a data model which is highly responsive to new and legacy business requirements. Linked data is central to the customer experience in providing content discovery applications and in facilitating emergent behaviours in interacting with content.

Many of the models developed have recently been published on our Ontologies Portal at nature.com/ontologies and are shared in order to contribute to the wider linked data community and to provide a public reference. These models cover publication things – articles, figures, etc. – and classification things – article-types, subjects, etc. – plus additional things used to manage our content publishing operation – assets, events, etc.

We have also published a model for conference proceedings on our LOD Conference Portal at lod.springer.com

Knowledge Models Used


NPG Subjects Ontology

The NPG Subjects Ontology is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature. It includes subject terms of varying levels of specificity such as Biological sciences (top level), Cancer (level 2), or B-2 cells (level 7). In total there are more than 2750 subject terms, organised into a polyhierarchical tree using the SKOS vocabulary.



Owned/Developed by:

Adopted by Organizations / Publishers:

How is this KM applied?

Applied manually, by authors or editorial staff as part of the standard publishing workflow, or by professional indexers

Description of the current use cases of the KM

The NPG Subjects Ontology constitutes the main backbone of nature.com subject areas, a new section on nature.com that allows users to browse content topically rather than navigate via the more usual journal paradigm. Each of the terms in the ontology includes a link to the relevant subject page on nature.com.

Is the KM being actively developed?

Yes, internally

 License Information:

CC0 – http://creativecommons.org/about/cc0